Science FUN in the Garden - Growing Veggies Unit Study - Elementary Science

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Do you have kids, like mine who learn best through hands-on approaches? How about learning about science, through simple gardening?

Growing veggies is a great way to not only teach your kids about gardening and nutrition, it is also a wonderful opportunity for them to learn the scientific method.  

Starting Veggie Seeds

Growing lettuce, onions, or carrots are easy ones and they can usually be planted early in many areas of the country.  

And if you do onions, your kids won't have to wait until the actually onions grow. They can harvest the stalks, as green onions, and enjoy them earlier.  And I, for one, love fresh green onions from the garden, in my salad.  

Young gardeners can plant their veggie seeds inside, and watch them grow there.  Cut off milk cartons make great planters. 

For outside planting, we often just used large containers that we set out on the deck.  That way they were very reachable, for a quick harvest for a salad.  Or for doing science activities in the garden.....

Young scientists can:

Keep a watering chart. 
Measure growth each week, using a ruler, to practice numbers.
Graph the growth on paper.
Older kids may want to do a complete experiment as described below.

Compost vs. Dirt 

Plant veggie seedlings in three different ways:

1. dirt only
2.  dirt and compost mix 
3.  compost only

Compare the results, using the scientific method, as described below:

1.  Make a hypothesis - Have each child guess which procedure will yield the tallest seedlings in x weeks. Each child, then records their predictions in writing.
2.  Test your Hypothesis by doing the experiment.  
3.  Take data - Measure the seedlings growth each week, and chart it.
4.  Analyze your Data - Do the final analysis - To easily analyze the data, check your records, and just see whose guess was right.
5.  State your Conclusion - Write a sentence stating which procedure yielded the best results.

We often extended the learning to other subjects.  
For example:  
Math- Measure the seedlings with a ruler.  Make a graph of the seedlings growth.  
Writing - Record the steps followed for the scientific process in a notebook.  
Art - Draw the seedlings in a nature journal.

Resources and Books
1. All About Plants 
from Evan-Moor for K/1st

This helpful hands-on workbook explained simple botany concepts, one step at a time, on K/1st grade level, with hands on learning activities to do.  

We enjoyed this book early on....To read more of my review, click here.

It is published by Evan-Moor, one that we used a lot because of their quality products.

  from Teacher Created Resources, for 2nd - 5th grades

TCR3665 Plants Image

This book is full of short lessons and activities to do to learn:
1.  What's inside a seed
2.  How do seeds grow
3.  How do plants grow
4.  Experiment with plants
5.  Leaf rubbings/craft activities

For more info, check out sample pages here.  They offer kindle options, too.  This book is published by Teacher Created Materials, who offer workbooks and resources in a variety of subjects.

by Diana Hutts Aston, from

The story of a seed's life, told in a poetic way, with artwork.  I loved reading this with my 2e daughter.

Growing a Plant - Free Science Worksheet

This is  one of Jump Starts printables and they offer 9 more, including one on the life cycle of a plant.  Click here to download, or for more information on a number of other planting printables, too. 

What would you add to this list?  I enjoy reading your comments, here or especially on our facebook page at Gifted Homeschoolers Forum.

Thanks for stopping by BJ's Homeschool,


Betsy is mom to her 2e college senior, whom she homeschooled from preK through high school.  She blogs at BJ's Homeschool, about the early yearshigh school & college and wrote - Homeschooling High School with College in Mind.   She offers free homeschool help through messages at BJ's Consulting and has had articles picked up by the Huffington Post.
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